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Healthcare for Women, LLC -  - OB-GYN

Healthcare for Women, LLC

OB-GYN located in Near West Suburbs of Chicago, Oak Park, IL

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States. Here are some key facts about HPV:

1. What is HPV?

  • HPV is a group of related viruses with more than 200 types identified.
  • It can cause warts on different parts of the body, including the skin and mucous membranes.
  • Approximately 40 of these types are spread through direct sexual contact or other intimate skin-to-skin contact.
  • Some specific types of HPV can lead to health problems, including cancer and genital warts.

2. How is HPV spread?

  • HPV is primarily transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person.
  • Even if someone has no signs or symptoms, they cna still pass on the infection.
  • It's possible to acquire HPV even after having sex with only one person.

3. Health Problems Associated with HPV:

  • Genital Warts: These usually appear as small bumps or groups of bumps in the genital area. They can vary in size, shape, and texture.
  • Cancer: HPV can cause various cancers, including cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile, anal, and oropharyngeal (throat) cancer. Cancer development often take years after initial HPV exposures.

4. Prevention and Protection:

  • Vaccination: HPV vaccines are safe and effective. They can prevent diseases (including cancers) caused by HPV when administered in the recommended age groups.
  • Cervical Cancer Screening: Routine screening for women aged 21 to 65 years can help prevent cervical cancer.
  • Safe Sexual Practices: Proper condom use during sexual activity can reduce the risk of HPV transmission.

Remember that most HPV infections resolve on their own within two years without causing health problems.