Now accepting Telehealth appointments. Schedule a virtual visit.
Skip to main content


Healthcare for Women, LLC -  - OB-GYN

Healthcare for Women, LLC

OB-GYN located in Near West Suburbs of Chicago, Oak Park, IL

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which help the immune system fight off infections. If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Unlike some other viruses, the human body cannot get rid of HIV completely, so once someone has HIV, they have it for life. 

HIV is transmitted through contact with certain body fluidfs, such as blood, semen, vagnial fluids, rectal fluides and breast milk from a person who has HIV. The most common ways HIV is transmitted include:

  1. Unprotected sexual intercourse: The virus can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex without the use of condoms or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).
  2. Sharing of needles: HIV can be spread through the sharing of needles and syringes contaminated with the virus, espcially among intravenous drug users. 
  3. Mother-to-child transmission: HIV can be transmitted from an infected mother to her child during childbirth or through breastfeeding. 
  4. Blood transfusions and organ transplants: Although this is rare in many countries due to screening of blood and organ donations, there have been cases of HIV transmission through these routes. 
  5. Occupational exposure: Healthcare workers can be at risk of HIV transmssion through accidental needle sticks or exposure to infected blood.

It's important to note that HIV is not spread through causal contact, such as hugging or shkaing hands, or through the air, water, or insect bites. 

Early detection and medical intervention are crucial for managing HIV. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV, and it helps to lower the firal load in the body, mantain a healthy immune system, and reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to others. Additionally, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is available for individuals who are at high risk of acquiring HIV.

Prevention measures include practicing safe sex, using clean needles and syringes, gertting tested and knowing the HIV status of sexual partners, and taking precautions to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Education and awareness are essential in the global effort to prevent and control the spread of HIV/AIDS.