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Bacterial Vaginosis

Healthcare for Women, LLC -  - OB-GYN

Healthcare for Women, LLC

OB-GYN located in Near West Suburbs of Chicago, Oak Park, IL

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal infection that occuirs when there is an imbalance in the normal bacteria that reside in the vagina. Normally, "good" bacteria called Lactobacillus help maintain a slightlyh acidic encironment in the vacina, which helps prevent the overgrowth of harmful bacteria. When this imbalance is disrupted, other bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis, may proliferate, leading to bacterial vaginosis. 

Here are some key points about bacterial vaginosis. 

  1. Symptoms: BV may not always cause noticeable symptoms, but when present, they can include a thin, grayish-white vaginal discharge with a characteristic fishy odor especially after sexual intercourse. Some women may also experience itching or irritation.
  2. Causes: The exact cause of bacterial vaginosis is not fully understood, but it is associated with a disruption in the balance of vaginal bacteria. Certain factors can increase the risk of developing BV, including multiple sexual partners, douching, and a new sexual partner.
  3. Diagnosis: Healthcare providers typically diagnose BV based on the symptoms, a physical examination, and labratory tests on a sample of vaginal fluid. 
  4. Complications: While bacterial vaginosis is not usually considered a serious condition, it can increase the risk of complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women. Pregnant women with BV may be at an increased risk of preterm birth and other pregnancy-related complications. 
  5. Treatment: Antibiotics are commonly prescribed to treat bacterial vaginosis. Metronidazole and clndamycin are two common antibiotics used for this purpose. It's important to complete the full course of antibiotics, even if symptoms improve before finishing the medication. 
  6. Prevention: Some strategies that may help prevent bacterial vaginosis include avoiding douching, using condoms consistently and correctly during sexual intercourse, and limiting the number of sexual partners. 

If you suspect you have bacterial vaginosis or are experiencing unusual vaginal symptoms, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. Self disgnosis and self-treatment are not recommended.,